The New York State Museum

Letchworth Gorge, in Letchworth State Park, is sometimes called “The Grand Canyon of the East”. Located in western New York southwest of Rochester

The New York State Museum

Letchworth Canyon

in Letchworth State Park, is now and again called "The Amazing Gulch of the East". Situated in western New York southwest of Rochester, the canyon is most popular for the almost upward precipices up to 550 feet (168 meters) and higher, which bound the Genesee Waterway.

Three huge cascades happen inside the ravine, yet many extra falls happen along the waterway and along its feeders in the recreation area. The most noteworthy of these, Motivation Falls, has a complete drop of 350 feet (107 meters), making it the most elevated cascade in New York.

Preceding 1797, the terrains including Letchworth gorge had a place with the Seneca public, who called it Sehgahunda ("the vale of three falls"). White trailblazers started to settle along the canyon in the mid 1800s, after which two towns rose. The travel industry became huge in the last part of the 1800s.

Following the beginning of Letchworth State Park in 1907, a rising bigger piece of the chasm and encompassing region has been added — the recreation area currently adds up to 14,350 sections of land. Beginning around 1954, with consummation of the Mount Morris dam (a significant flood control project), the lower part of the crevasse is occasionally overflowed.

Land Elements

The stone found in the walls of Letchworth gorge comprise of shales, siltstones and sandstones that were kept in a shallow ocean that covered a large part of the eastern U.S. during the Late Devonian Time frame. A volcanic debris layer in shales close to the Mount Morris dam, at the lower end of the chasm, has been dated at 381.1 +/ - 1.3 million years of age.

Rocks in the lower a piece of the canyon comprise essentially of dark to dim shales (West Waterway, Middlesex, Cashaqua and Rhinestreet developments). Upstream, dynamically more youthful rocks are uncovered, which component expanding measures of siltstone and sandstone (Angola, Gardeau and Nunda arrangements).

The stones uncovered through Letchworth gorge were kept as muds to sands over about three to 5,000,000 years of time.

The actual person of Letchworth gorge fluctuates along its length. The upper and lower segments of the canyon (see figures) are restricted and profound, cut into the bedrock. Conversely, the center segment is a still profound however expansive, somewhat level lined valley, differently limited along its walls by one or the other bedrock or icy dregs.

These distinctions reflect regions where the Genesee Stream has sliced new crevasses through the stone versus where it courses through a more established segment of canyon. The lofty and thin more current segments in the upper and lower comes to have been disintegrated out since frosty ice withdrew from the area, preceding around quite a while back.

The center segment goes through a part of a more established gorge, in which thick frosty residue were disintegrated out after the last cold retreat. Different pieces of the more established gorge, where the waterway does not stream anymore, remain completely to some extent topped off with chilly till and lake dregs.

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